What is the purpose of government? The purpose of government is to protect their citizens, to create rules and order, meet the basic needs of their people and to make important decisions. The government has to ensure the safety and protection of their citizens. They could do this by inheriting a police force to keep the people safe from harm or go even further and set up an army ready to fend off hostile forces. Also governments have to create laws and rules to keep their citizens happy. Through out the years many types of governments have been created and nobles, kings, and peasants were all part of that. In the end all their wishes were fulfilled and all their voice were heard. Without government people wouldn't know order or laws in their lifetime. After a government has installed rules and order they will need to meet the basic needs of the people. They can do this by suppling their folk with food, shelter, protection and jobs. They could do this through debating on food and job distribution or if they are going to build a curtain wall or an extra series of houses. If these basic needs are met the citizen will be happy and the chance of the government being overthrown will disappear. Lastly, a government has to rule over their land and people. In a time of war, the government might send soldiers through the land to protect small villages or towns. But the authority must also rule over their people. For instance, inheriting a work force hired to build a watch tower or market place to keep trade flowing. To sum up the purpose of government is to protect, create laws, and to rule.
Does the government of "The Giver" meet all the government purposes? I think "The Giver's" government does meet all the governments purposes except one. Precisely, the fact that the authority doesn't provide a choice for their citizens. This is shown at various points in the book, such as, when Jonas tries to pick out clothes to wear through his day. We realise that his closet is filled with all the same coloured and shaped clothes. His parents, friends, and teacher all wear the same outfit! To add on, the entire community is identical "clothes" wise. This simple but visible thing impacts the freedom of choice dramatically in the society. Later in the book, Jonas goes to an assembly on his twelfth birthday and he picked for his job assignment. Notice that I mention, "picked" yes, Jonas doesn't get to get to choose his job. He is "picked" by the government and so is everyone else. These reasons explain why this government has failed to meet all a governments purposes. Other than that "The Giver's" government is very organised and powerful even though the do lack in certain categories.