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Saturday, October 11, 2014

The Amazonian Rainforest Under Attack!

The Amazonian Rainforest Under Attack!

Amazon_Manaus_forest.jpg    The Amazonian rainforest, also called the Amazon, covers an area of about 6,000,000 sq km (2,300,000 sq miles), approximately 40 percent of Brazil’s total land! It is also home to 30 million locals that depend on its resources and services,and can you believe that this beautiful landscape that is admired by many is being cut down at the rate of 50 football fields a minute! In the year 2013, deforestation in the Amazonian rainforest increased by 29%, causing 6,000 sq km (2,315 sq miles) of forest to be cut down. The biggest amount of deforestation that happened in the state of Para and Mato Grosso, Brazil’s largest agricultural states. Over 1000 sq km were cut down in each state.   
There are several reasons why the Amazon is being cut down. Some contribute large-scale family farming by farmers who cut down trees for farm lands which is used to produce crops for their families and to sell in the local market. Also, illegal logging but that rarely is a direct cause to deforestation. The major factor is construction. Together over 750,000 sq km (289,000 sq miles) of Amazonian rainforest have been cleared the past 3 years, in places such as Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, Venezuela, Suriname, Guyana, and French Guiana.  This essay will inform you about the consequences when these rainforests disappear because of these reasons.
    First of all, trees play a key role in reducing the level of pollution in the air. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a gas emitted from both natural and human places. Over the last 150 years, humans have been producing massive amounts of CO2 by burning fossil fuels such as, coal, oil and natural gas. This is what causes global warming and climate change.On the contrary, plants remove CO2 from the atmosphere and absorb it in a process called photosynthesis. Photosynthesis takes in CO2  and lets out oxygen, which is released back into the atmosphere, meaning that the Amazonian rainforest is the only community that can stop global warming.
    Second, the Amazon is also very important to us because the natural root of medicine comes from insects, plants and other organisms that live in the Amazonian Rainforest. These medicines that are based on the resources in the Amazon can have cures for headaches, snakebites, and even cancer! It’s proven by the WWF that 75% of the worlds medicine comes from plants in tropical rainforests such as the Amazon.
    The Amazonian rainforest also plays a big role in the water cycle. For instance, it adds water into the atmosphere. All the rainforests together provide us 60% of all the freshwater on Earth! It does this through a sequence called transpiration (where plants release their moisture during the process of photosynthesis). The moisture eventually transforms into rainclouds which will rain back down again and so on. The water cycle in the Amazonian rainforest is interrupted because it is being cut down and so there have been many severe droughts that have affected the amount of rainfall, even in places like Europe and America. This affects their crops, meaning that the Amazonian rainforest is important to everyone in many different ways.
     Another major factor to blame for disappearing rainforest is construction. For instance, the Brazilian government is building the third largest hydroelectric dam on the Xingu river which is located in the north of brazil and reaches 2000 km in length. The dam is now half finished and proven by AMAZON WATCH that it will divert eighty percent of the rivers current flow. Which affects the animals because their need of immigration will be declined since the dam is in their way. It will also cause the displacement of 40,000 people since their homes will be flooded because of the constantly rising water level.          
    For these severe and dangerous problems there are solutions. Around the world there are many organizations trying to help. For example, the Nature Conservancy (an organization ran to protect the threatened environments) are encouraging farmers and ranchers to go against Brazil's Forest Code and protect the Amazon and it’s beauty. Lately they made a great move and removed one of the top deforestation location, Paragominas. They did this by convincing the the farmers and ranchers about how much damage they were actually dealing to the Amazon which would eventually also affect the world. The organization is also trying to strengthen the indigenous people to protect their lands and water against intruders (For example, illegal loggers).
    Another very important solution is to help the Amazon reproduce. For example, the Conservancy is working on this project. Their goal is  to establish forest projects that will plant millions of trees in the deforested parts of the Amazon. They target to cover an area twice the size of Portugal and they will do this with the help of landowners, government officials, businesses and indigenous communities. It is estimated to reduce approximately 1 billion tons of carbon dioxide after the project has been launched. This is as much carbon dioxide 80 million U.S. homes use in one year! These programs may help to prevent or lessen deforestation in the coming years.
    Other initiatives focus on other regions of the Amazon: northwestern Mato Grosso state and São Felix do Xingu, the region with the second highest rate of deforestation in Brazil. These organisations purposely attack this massive problem by educating the locals about this danger of logging.
  Aside to all the actions to save the Amazon, replanting trees and caring institutions,  the Amazon is miraculously fighting back against illegal loggers, family farmers and construction.  Greg Asner head of the Washington-based Carnegie Institution claimed that about 350,000 sq km (135,000 sq miles) of trees that were cut down are growing back at a rapid pace. Other ways to prevent this problem in the future

would be to make logging laws more strict. This will result in more obeying residents and a stunning Amazonian rainforest. Equaling to clean water and fresh air.  

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  After I finished writing my essay I was very satisfied of my work. I say this because I 
spend many hours, and during those hours I learned thins about writing such as grammar and spelling, but I also opened my eyes my eyes to problems that are going on in the world. A core value that I used most during the process of my piece of writing was perseverance. I say this because I think I really tryded hard and kept on going even though it was hard.

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